Central bakers have very few tools to achieve their mandates around inflation (and in some cases also protecting a currency and aiding GDP growth). Interest rates have a blunt lagged effect and their only other tool is what they say and we need to understand this central banker speak.
Last week it was the South African Reserve Bank MPC rate announcement that left prime unchanged for the first time since November 2021. The vote was close and the governor spent a lot of time saying they had not finished hiking, this was just a pause.
The Federal Reserve FOMC has been saying the same about pausing before more hikes.
But any hikes will surely be data dependent which is what they always say. So the threat of more hikes is central bak speak for don't get too excited.